Chemistry in The Preservation of Written Heritage | ICRES

Paper Detail

Title

Chemistry in The Preservation of Written Heritage

Authors

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Iskra Tsvetanska, University of Library Studies and Information Technologies, Bulgaria
Prof. Dr. Ivanka Yankova, University of Library Studies and Information Technologies, Bulgaria
Prof. Dr. Veska Lasheva, University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, Bulgaria
Prof. Dr. Irena Peteva, University of Library Studies and Information Technologies, Bulgaria
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Boryana Hadzhieva, University of Library Studies and Information Technologies, Bulgaria
Prof. Dr. Rumelina Vasileva, University of Library Studies and Information Technologies, Bulgaria
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Silvia Stancheva, University of Library Studies and Information Technologies, Bulgaria
Dr. Denitsa Dimitrova, University of Library Studies and Information Technologies, Bulgaria
Dr. Iliana Kamburorova, University of Library Studies and Information Technologies, Bulgaria

Abstract

Chemistry plays an important role in the preservation of written cultural heritage. Through it we understand the processes of degradation as well as the development and evaluation of new materials and methods for interventions. In recent decades, the rapid development of chemical science and environmental chemistry has brought us new tools and methods with great excellence, which represent new horizons in the analysis, diagnosis and conservation of written cultural heritage. Chemistry is the basis for choosing the most appropriate method of restoration of written collections, i.e. chemistry helps to understand why a book or a document is destroyed, how exactly this happens and how it can be prevented. In this regard, the article describes the main tasks of the chemist-restorer. The mechanisms of aging are monitored, the essential processes of natural aging of paper, adhesives, leather, parchment, inks and inks. Methods are proposed for studying the causes that occur as a result of regular processes. The changes under the influence of the environment are traced - the physicochemical destructive processes under the influence of temperature, humidity, light, atmospheric gases and the mechanical load. The article acquaints with the preliminary examination of the documents for restoration - the visual inspection, conducting physical and chemical examinations, determining the acidity of the paper, fiber and composition, the type of inks, based on which the methods of restoration are determined.

 Keywords

chemistry, preservation, analysis, written heritage, restoration, conservation  

Citation

Tsvetanska, I., Yankova, I., Lasheva, V., Peteva, I., Hadzhieva, B., Vasileva, R., Stancheva, S., Dimitrova, D. & Kamburorova, I. (2021). Chemistry in The Preservation of Written Heritage. In M. Shelley, I. Chiang, & O. T. Ozturk (Eds.), Proceedings of ICRES 2021--International Conference on Research in Education and Science (pp. 172-176). Monument, CO, USA: ISTES Organization. Retrieved 26 October 2021 from www.2021.icres.net/proceedings/116/.

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